Cusco, often spelled Cuzco (Spanish: Cuzco, [ˈkusko]; Quechua: Qusqu or Qosqo, IPA), is a city in southeastern Peru, near the Urubamba Valley of the Andes mountain range. It is the capital of the Cusco Region as well as the Cusco Province. In 2013, the city had a population of 435,114. Located on the eastern end of the Knot of Cuzco, its elevation is around 3,400 m (11,200 ft). The site was the historic capital of the Inca Empire from the 13th into the 16th century until the Spanish conquest. In 1983 Cusco was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. It has become a major tourist destination, receiving nearly 2 million visitors a year. The Constitution of Peru designates it as the Historical Capital of Peru.
Peru possesses the second largest area of tropical forest in South America, after Brazil, and the fourth largest in the world, equivalent to 57% of its national territory, or more than 70 million hectares.
The celebrations in Cusco this month to mark the 30th anniversary of the status of Machu Picchu as a Cultural and Natural World Heritage Site are a reminder of the fact that those planning to visit this legacy of Peru’s Inca past should expect much more than a “lost city”.
Peru is one of the most privileged areas of the continent, then they converge in a variety of climates that give an exotic beauty to the landscape and nature. In it, the warm tropical and humid climates due to its proximity to the Andes, offering the view of an evergreen landscape come together. Peruvian flora and fauna, the large number of domesticated plants offering the world, including more than a thousand varieties of potatoes and nearly 1700 species of birds.